UPDATE: IGNORE BELOW. SEE NOW KOL402
I’ll be speaking at next year’s Austrian Economics Discord Conference: “Inflation, Money, and the State,” Austrian Economics Discord Server (Jan. 7–8, 2023); my talk is “Inflation: Its Causes, Effects, Parallels and Death in a Bitcoin World.”
For last year’s, see: “Law: Decentralized and Centralized,” Austrian Economics Discord Conference: “The Enduring Importance of the Austrian School,” Austrian Economics Discord Server (Jan. 8–9, 2022) [KOL371].
- Paul Cantor, Hyperinflation and Hyperreality
- Theodore Dalrymple, “Inflation’s Moral Hazard“
- Guido Hülsmann, The Ethics of Money Production
- Adam Fergusson, When Money Dies
- Hoppe, Democracy: The God That Failed, ch. 1 and TSC, p. 27, on the negative effects of inflation on character
- Jeffrey Tucker, How the End of Negative Interest Rates Affects Your Life1
- Kinsella, “Legislation and Law in a Free Society,” Mises Daily (Feb. 25, 2010), 2 on negative effects of uncertainty3
- Nock: https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Albert_Jay_Nock4
- Plauché, Geoffrey Allan, “Aristotelian liberalism: an inquiry into the foundations of a free and flourishing society” (2009). LSU Doctoral Dissertations. 32485
- legal tender and bitcoin [KOL085 | The History, Meaning, and Future of Legal Tender (Crypto-Currency Conference, Atlanta, 2013)]
- bitcoin as property [KOL274 | Nobody Owns Bitcoin (PFS 2019)]
- whether money is wealth and its relation to the fractional-reserve banking controversy [The Great Fractional Reserve/Freebanking Debate ]
- an analysis of the legal framework developed by Huerta de Soto re money and banking
- discussion of our attempt to move out of a fractional reserve system [UK Proposal for Banking Reform: Fractional-Reserve Banking versus Deposits and Loans]
Inflation: Its Causes, Effects, Parallels and Death in a Bitcoin World
Kinsella Law Practice, C4SIF.org
Austrian Economics Discord Conference
Jan. 7, 2023
- Human action
- Property, law
- Money: Solves 2 problems
- Double coincidence of wants
- inability to calculate due to heterogeneous nature of goods
- Time preference
- Willingness to defer consumption
- Roundabout production processes more produtictive
- State fucks up money
- It coopts institutions: law, order, transportation, education, healthcare, defense, roads, money, banking finance
- this means it can control access to money (censorship) and inflate it
- Value of money always falling
- A main function of money is temporal: you hold now for future purposes
- The price inflation leads people to hold less of their wealth (patrimony) in money and more in speculative assets
- Chasing returns
- Stock market
- Crypto scams
- Digital money
- technology that has moved to digital
- analog film to digital
- Advantages of digital money over analog money
- Storage cost/risk
- gave rise to need for banks
- conflated the functions of storage with credit intermediation, led to FRB
- time to transfer
- ease and cost of transfer
- crypto has no other uses
- No money is ever “backed” anyway
- no “intrinsic” value etc.
- Gold non-money value only 10% of its total value when used as money, so it’s not backed anyway
- no money can ever be “backed”x`
- The Internet could go out
- pseudonymous NOT anonymous
- So maybe you don’t keep all your money in cash!
- make more returns in real investments
- Rights inflation
- positive/welfare rights
- IP rights
- Democratic law making (legislation) and uncertainty
- legal tender law
- No money is ever “backed” anyway
- gave rise to need for banks
- Storage cost/risk
- technology that has moved to digital
- Stephan Kinsella, “Legislation and Law in a Free Society,” Mises Daily (Feb. 25, 2010)
- “Legislation and the Discovery of Law in a Free Society,” Journal of Libertarian Studies 11 (Summer 1995), p. 132 (to be included in Law in a Libertarian World)
Increases time preference. Reduces saving. Causes people to live for the now and not for the future. Encourages debt and instant gratification. Essentially an infantilisation of the population.
- Money inflation vs. price inflation
- price inflation is always a monetary phenomenon
- supply and demand
- if population and gdp grows, then with a fixed supply of money prices must fall
- What about mining gold?
- Does it cause business cycle?
- Murphy episode
- imagine the waste of gold mining
- plus it diverts resources
- Generations over hundreds and thousands of years have been acculturated to believe that good things come to those who wait. Sacrifice some now and you earn greater rewards later. Study hard for the exam and you get an A. Study hard for all exams and you graduate with honors. Graduate with honors and you have a better chance of getting a good-paying job.So on it goes with the whole of life. The more you defer your consumption and indulgence in the here and now, and think about the future, the better off you will be. That presumption is naturally built into the financial system. The yield curve in normal times provides a higher payout in the future than it does in the present. It teaches us to defer consumption, forgoing whatever joy there is in the present, in favor of great reward down the line.Again, in normal times, that means that savers win in the long run. Keep socking money away in the bank rather than taking that extra vacation, give it a few years, and you have a solid nest egg.All of economics is supposed to work this way. The guy alone on the island who wants to catch more fish needs to spend a day or two making a net but in order to afford that time away from scooping up fish as he sees them, he needs to save up food to live on while he constructs his capital goods. [↩]
- Longer version: “Legislation and the Discovery of Law in a Free Society,” Journal of Libertarian Studies 11 (Summer 1995), p. 132 [↩]
- Negative Effects of UncertaintyLegislation tends to interfere with agreements that courts would otherwise have enforced and thereby makes parties to contracts less certain that the contract will ultimately be enforced. Thus, individuals tend to rely less on contracts, leading them to develop costly alternatives such as structuring companies, transactions, or production processes differently than they otherwise would have.”There is much more certainty in a decentralized legal system than in a centralized, legislation-based system.”Another pernicious effect of the increased uncertainty in legislation-based systems is the increase of overall time preference. Individuals invariably demonstrate a preference for earlier goods over later goods, all things being equal. When time preferences are lower, individuals are more willing to forgo immediate benefits such as consumption, and invest their time and capital in more indirect (i.e., more roundabout, lengthier) production processes, which yield more or better goods for consumption or for further production. Any artificial raising of the general time-preference rate thus tends to impoverish society by pushing us away from production and long-term investments. Yet increased uncertainty, which is brought about by a legislation-based system, causes an increase in time-preference rates because if the future is less certain, it is relatively less valuable compared to the present.In addition to materially impoverishing society, higher time-preference rates also lead to increased crime. As a person becomes more present oriented, immediate (criminal) gratifications become relatively more attractive, and future, uncertain punishment becomes less of a deterrent. [↩]
- https://www.facebook.com/nskinsella/posts/pfbid02P3vXZf5nBupzUkeaoWSHpkqsZSyq1mxsiuSyBarAfWeFqfJQeF6HXuAmbtur4gRAlMaresca: I’m struck by how Nock touches upon psychology every now and then. How the State negatively impacts character. For example, the judge who feels no responsibility for an unfair ruling simply because he is “only following the law”. Or how the State affects general public behavior. I wonder why so few libertarian thinkers have even mentioned psychology in regards to statism. The field seems to be an untapped resource for understanding statism; perhaps thorough research could be of value to libertarian outreach.
In your link, under the Quotes section, the bullet point starting with “Once, I remember, I ran across the case of a boy who had been sentenced to prison”. That was the main one that struck me. I’ll look for others.
Stephan Kinsella I liked this quote because it recognizes that the blind acceptance of the State can impact individual morality: “The upshot of our willingness to accept a reality, provided we do not hear it named, or provided we ourselves are not obliged to name it, leads us to accept many realities that we ought not to accept. It leads to many and serious moral misjudgments of both facts and persons; in other words, it leads straight into a profound intellectual dishonesty.”
Stephan Kinsella and this one which shows that the State leverages the immature minds of youth : “The mentality of an army on the march is merely so much delayed adolescence; it remains persistently, incorrigibly and notoriously infantile.”
I often say that much worse than the impoverishment and physical oppression, the unforgivable sin of socialism and statism in general is the corruption of the souls of its victims. Turned from humans into less than humans. Zombies. [↩]
- “There are many ways in which governments can disrupt the societal consumption-investment ratio in favor of consumption. The most egregious way, the one responsible for the systemic boom and bust business cycle, is a policy of easy credit. Such a policy is best facilitated by a fractional reserve central banking system with fiat money (i.e., paper money unbacked by a commodity with real value, like gold or silver). Easy credit is pumped into the economy by an expansion of the supply of money and credit, primarily by means of printing fiat money and artificially lowering interest rates. Monetary inflation leads to price inflation as the new money trickles through the economy, acting as a regressive tax on the poor and encouraging more spending now as people perceive prices rising and their money becoming less and less valuable. Artificially low interest rates, below the natural market rate, give market actors false signals. They see the value of savings and investment decline, particularly in light of inflation. Producers are misled by the cheap credit to undertake more expensive projects they otherwise would not have undertaken and which do not match real consumer demand, resulting in malinvestment. Consumers are misled by the cheap credit to take out loans in order to spend it on consumer goods. Andrew Dickson White, in his 1933 book Fiat Money Inflation in France, describes the results: “Then, too, as values became more and more uncertain, there was no longer any motive for care or economy, but every motive for immediate expenditure and present enjoyment. So came upon the nation the obliteration of thrift. In this mania for yielding to present enjoyment rather than providing for future comfort were the seeds of new growths of wretchedness: luxury, senseless and extravagant, set in: this, too, spread as a fashion.”503There are many other policies that also tend to have this effect on consumption. Bailouts and promises of bailouts for failing or failed businesses encourage riskier behavior. This includes the FDIC’s deposit insurance for banks, which also encourages those who keep their money in banks to be more complacent about the practices of their bank and the safety of their money. Various social-welfare policies also tend to have a deleterious effect. In the absence of such programs people must save for a rainy day and for their own retirement, or depend upon the generosity of others. When governments provide these necessities, the incentive to save for them is decreased or eliminated. When government promises to take care of your retirement, at least in part, you have less incentive to do so yourself. Similarly with health care and medical expenses, unexpected unemployment, the education of your children, and so on and so forth. With these necessities partly or wholly guaranteed by government, what else is left to spend one’s money on after taxes other than consumer goods? The individual’s sense of responsibility in providing the fundamental necessities for himself and his family is diminished as is his control over them. He leaves it up to the government and concerns himself with his own amusements in luxuries and superfluities.504 In his book America’s Great Depression, Rothbard gives some more examples:Government can encourage consumption by “food stamp plans” and relief payments. It can discourage savings and investment by higher taxes, particularly on the wealthy and on corporations and estates. As a matter of fact, any increase of taxes and government spending will discourage saving and investment and stimulate consumption, since government spending is all consumption. Some of the private funds would have been saved and invested; all of the government funds are consumed. Any increase in the relative size of government in the economy, therefore, shifts the societal consumption-investment ratio in favor of consumption, and prolongs the depression.Yet another policy that has been employed recently is the handing out of “stimulus checks” to a majority of the population along with urges to spend it, following the modern fashion that consumer spending rather than savings and investment is the main driver of economic growth.503 White (1933), p. 65.
504 Acton (1993), pp. 93-96.
505 Rothbard (1963 ), p. 20.
Acton, H. B. 1993. The Morals of Markets and Related Essays. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.
White, Andrew Dickson. 1933. Fiat Money Inflation in France: How It Came, What It Brought, and How It Ended. New York: D. Appleton-Century Company, Inc.
Rothbard, Murray N. 1963 . America’s Great Depression. Auburn, AL: Mises Institute.” [↩]