Fritz Machlup & Edith Penrose, “The Patent Controversy in the Nineteenth Century,” J. Econ. History 10, no. 1 (May 1950): 1–29. Shamefully, this article is not available online. A compressed discussion of this matter can be found in Fritz Machlup, U.S. Senate Subcommittee On Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights, An Economic Review of the Patent System (85th Cong., 2nd Session, 1958, Study No. 15), Part II.C, “The Rise of an antipatent movement” (1850-1873).
Machlup & Penrose, “The Patent Controversy in the Nineteenth Century”
Next post: Bouckaert, “What is Property?” (1990)
Previous post: Libertarian Answer Man: Radioactive Waste and Negligence
The article is available to people with access to jstor at
Persons who lack access that enter that URL into scihub might get access to a copy, though the legality of such access is controversial at best.