Too many libertarians, especially of the “sky is falling” crowd (the ones who have been predicting major societal collapse for 40 years), are sure we are in End Times. Some previous age was America’s apex, from which we’ve long been in rapid decline. America has gone from being a pretty decent place to a near “police state.” When was this golden period? Not the Founders’ generation (ugh). Not the post-war 1950s or even the post-Civil War 1850s. The 1950’s were better in some respects than the 2010s, but not in every respect. Yes, the police state is worse now but war is down. The draft is gone. Marijuana legalization is on the horizon (and marijuana is super-high quality now in states where it is quasi-legal). Gay marriage, unthinkable in the 50s and even 70s, is inevitable. Alcohol was legalized long ago and porn’s legal status seems not in doubt.
Air travel is cheaper and safer, and used more and more by the masses. Middle class people take Disney Cruises, vacations zip-lining in Costa Rica, or vacation in Turkey, Germany, Italy, Britain, Australia. Incomes are higher, houses are bigger, air-conditioning is more ubiquitous. Cell phones are cheap; everyone has one. Computers are powerful, inexpensive and portable, and we are all linked by one of the most amazing developments in all human history: the Internet. 3D printing is on the horizon, food is better and cheaper. Diversity is flourishing, as is tolerance: some people are vegetarians, vegans; no big deal. Meat eaters accommodate them when they invite them for dinner. Christians have Jewish and Hindu and atheist and Muslim friends; their kids all associate with a rainbow of colors of kids from all over the country or the world, with different ethnicities, religions, traditions, holidays—no one minds. A waiter from Alabama might good-naturedly tease his LSU-shirt wearing customers, but everyone laughs it off; they have their mild regional and college and geographical identities and alliances, but they are not serious or real. We don’t have soccer hooligans and stampedes at football games here. The era of private spacecraft is upon us too. Tie-died clothes and “peace” teeshirts, once derided as “hippie,” are now cool—college kids and soccer moms wear them. (See: Justin Gaffrey Peace Art.) Some people have nose rings, multiple earrings. Tattoos. Nobody cares. That would have gotten you dirty looks or shunning in the ’50s. Mixed-race couples? Nobody bats an eye.
Food and restaurants are better than ever. There are amazing art museums all over. Movies and especially television are better than ever, and music is healthy and vibrant and proliferating. American universities are the best in the world, as is American technology and business and culture, as seen by the dominance of Google, Facebook, Twitter, Apple, Hollywood, and so on.
Libertarianism and free market economics (including Austrian) are on the rise; the numbers of intellectuals, students, etc. who are interested in these ideas today completely dwarfs numbers from even the 1980s, and even more so those of earlier generations.
The state is growing too, but it is also less powerful in some ways—cell phones and cell phone video cameras and the Internet and twitter and facebook and google have put state actions under increasing scrutiny. The threat of a truly major war is remote. And while the state does its usual song and dance of taking as much as it can get away with, the fact that the state taxes us and even regulates us (in some ways) more is, perversely, some kind of evidence that things are better. Why? The state is parasitical on its host: natural, civil society, the underlying free market economy operating beneath the fascist barnacles. The state is able to extract more from the host only because the host is bigger and richer now. (See Hoppe on Liberal Economies and War.) And it is able to ratchet up “police state” type measures such as surveillance, airport security measures, only because it is dimly aware that its victims usually have no readily available alternative state to move to. If one could fairly easily move from the US to country X and have a similar standard of living, earn a similar amount of money, and have even better freedom and civil liberties and lower taxes, millions would do this. That this doesn’t happen is precisely because those living in the US have it so good—despite the state.
And yes, the U.S. is allegedly slipping on the economic freedom index, but this is partly because other places are getting more free all the time.
Moreover, the main tools that the state once used to control the economy are becoming more and more non-functioning, and everyone knows it. Fiscal policy is at an end. Monetary policy is not performing either. Regulatory policy is all about a battle between large corporations over who can screw their competition fastest. But in general, the old vision of the state as the master of all things is completely dead in the U.S.—on the left and the right. The energy is with technology, innovation, and the development of private nations within the nation. Technology has permitted smaller, nimble companies and entrepreneurs who don’t need big foundries or staffs, who outsource discrete tasks to other specialists and who outsource themselves without centralized direction, responding to the tugs of supply and demand. They regard the state as a drag, a nuisance, and hop around it like acrobats, focusing on making money, making things, and pleasing customers.
Making observations like these often infuriates libertarians, who in their monomaniacal obsession with the state let thinking about the state permeate everything they do. They think you are making light of state depredations, that you are even excusing or forgiving it, if you admit that it’s possible to live a good, flourishing life even in the presence of the state. They scoff at the suggestion that there are really no “better places” for most Americans to move to … even though they are still here, too. Yes, the state is terrible. Yes, private crime is terrible too. But they are just impediments to life, challenges. Just as natural disasters, wild animals, disease, and even the fundamental facts of scarcity (of resources, of time) are obstacles or challenges that any successful, rational human actor has to overcome to lead a happy life. In some circumstances it is not possible to succeed; here, private crime, or the state, has imposed too much damage. Think of young blacks raised in a culture of violence, ugliness, horrible role models, drugs and drug war violence, fatherless, and suffering from the ravages of the government educational system. Or think of Jews living in ghettos or even concentration camps in Hitler-era Germany. The state can snuff out life.
But tens, maybe hundreds of millions of Americans find ways to navigate and ignore the state. They avoid drugs, since that might send you to jail; they don’t care much, as they don’t want to do drugs anyway. They don’t evade taxes, since they would prefer to keep 62% of their $150k salary than go to prison. And the $93k net they are left with has more purchasing power than their dad’s or grandparent’s net salary from generations past. They go to their children’s plays; they have nice SUVs; they have nice friends and family members; some go to church, some give to charity or work to help the less fortunate. Some have friends all over the world on facebook, and pin their hobbies on Pinterest. Startups burst like popcorn onto the scene all the time; some fail, like Digg, others prosper, like Facebook, Google, Twitter, Instagram, Apple.
Sure, more state-caused recessions are coming. But I am not persuaded that we know a huge collapse is coming (the kind “worse-is-better” libertarians too often pine for); Austrian economics tells us the state ought not to intervene in markets (if we want prosperity), but the future is uncertain (see my post Verstehen and the Role of Economics in Forecasting, or: If You’re so Rich, Why Aren’t You Smart?). For my part, since I believe in the power of freedom, free markets, and technology, I think it’s reasonable to predict that the economy and innovation will continue to increase, over time, in absolute terms, despite the state’s depredations. I could be wrong. It’s possible. But it seems to me that bugging out is not a viable solution. If doom is coming, doom is coming. For me, it’s not a reason to give up. Far from it; it’s a reason to try to be more successful—to acquire more money and power, to better withstand any coming statist calamities.
I do not believe in optimism for optimism’s sake. I am not a believer in the “power of positive thinking”; I’m a realist. Rothbard, I think, used to say the libertarian has to be a short-run pessimist and a long-run optimist. I suppose I agree: things look “bad” now from the point of view of libertarianism’s odds of success; and we can hope that the free market and freedom will ultimately somehow defeat the state, because they are more right, more productive, more powerful. I suppose. But this is strictly an activist perspective; it’s what someone focusing on libertarianism’s prospects would say. But the goal of each person is his own life. I am a personal optimist in the sense that I think I, myself, and many other people as well, can and will be able to live happy, successful, flourishing lives, despite the state. I view my libertarian involvement not as typical political activism; it is more of my own hobby, or avocation. Others have different interests outside their work and families. I am interested in libertarianism because I happen to like economics and political philosophy, and have a passionate, intense interest in justice and rightness. But as a person I am interested in more than this: in living a good and happy and successful life. So I view the state (and private crime) as evil, yes; and they are evil because of the barriers they put in the way of people who want to live happy lives. It does no good to complain about the possibility of hurricanes or a disease one has; the criminal actions of the state are intentional, so complaining about the state (or, more particularly: voicing objections to, criticizing the state) might have some long-run or even short-run efficacy, but there is no guarantee. So the state, as with private crime, has to be regarded as a type of background danger in life that one has to figure out a way to defeat, evade, escape from, hide from, navigate around, or ignore. And I’m confident that, for at least tens of millions of Americans, this is possible. It’s a shame; it’s an unfortunate cost or drag needlessly imposed on civil society, the economy, and individual human lives; but there you have it. We can still recognize it, take it into account, and prosper despite the state.
The main benefit of doing this is one’s own personal gains. But a secondary benefit, for those of the libertarian avocation, is that you also become a more effective torch-bearer for liberty. As I discuss in Nock and Leonard Read on “One Improved Unit” and the Power of Attraction (see also Living a Life of Excellence and Liberty), if you focus on improving yourself, succeeding, flourishing, instead of trying to improve others (or futilely trying to change the state, instead of recognizing that it’s bad, and exists, and is there), then you generate more light, than heat; and light has the power to attract others.
As Leonard Read wrote in The Essence of Americanism:
I am not at this level but I am aware of it and know some of its imperatives. One imperative is the awareness that the higher the objective is, the more dignified the method must be. If we aspire to such a high objective as advancing individual liberty and the free market, we can resort to no lesser method than the power of attraction, the absolute opposite of using propaganda, indoctrination, and half truths. A good way to test how well one is doing on the objective we have in mind is to observe how many are seeking his counsel. If none, then one can draw his own conclusions!
The sole force that will turn indifference into acceptance is the power of attraction. And this can be achieved only if the eye is cast away from the remaking of others and toward the improvement of self. This effort demanded of each individual is not at all a sacrifice, but rather the best investment one can make in life’s highest purpose.
Well, where can we find such individuals? I think we will find them among those who love this country. I think we will find them in this room. I think that one of them is you.
See also Anthony Gregory’s The Golden Age of Freedom Is Still Ahead.
(Thanks to Jeff Tucker and Anthony Gregory for helpful comments on an earlier draft of this post.)
Update: A lot of discussion of this post on Facebook.
And on a second Facebook post in 2016.
And Tim Sandefur says: “For once I agree with Stephan Kinsella.” For once? Well he has also agreed with me on IP—see his article “A Critique of Ayn Rand’s Theory of Intellectual Property Rights,” Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 9:1 (Fall 2007), pp. 139-61.
See also David Brooks, Relax, We’ll Be Fine, NYTimes April 5, 2010
How wonderfully consequentialist of you! I approve, and agree with most of it except perhaps the notion that one shouldn’t really “try” to eliminate/reduce the state and that it’s ok just to be a libertarian out of intellectual interest, but it’s really just a personal preference.
I don’t think consequentialism is incompatible with a principled to liberty. But I did not say you should not try to fight the state. Did I?
Stephan said to himself, “Damnit, Im not letting Jeff run around with this monopoly on optimism for one more damn minute!”
Great piece, Stephan.
Well said, my good man ! I concur……..
Entitlements are still popular, expanding, and going bankrupt. There is good new, but there are also serious problems on the horizon.
DWM, there are private alternatives to anything that’s going bankrupt under the state. For helping out the medically underinsured there is Giveforward.com for example.
Good job Stephan. I think a lot of libertarians would agree with you.
The writer is ignoring the elephant in the room. The Devaluation of currency, the militarization of the police, the increasing of infringements of personal freedom, the control of the military of the national budget, the bankruptcy of the school system, the $1 trillion student debt, the $16 trillions deficit, the 47 million people on food stamps, the high un employment, over 2 million people in prisons, the corruption in Washington, involvement in 5 wars, over 1 million homeless people, the list goes on and on. You can ignore it if you need a mental break other wise we need to be involved and work together to stop the destruction.
That’s a lot of elephants.
Sylvain, you missed the entire point of the post. Like, completely.
yup. I really don’t even know what to say to such a bizarre “response.”
I agree with Sylvain. I don’t care if someone tells me I missed the point, “like, completely”. From my perspective, there is no point if it is based on half-truths and incorrect information.
I agree with Sylvain and Becky. The standard of living for the majority in the US is lower today than a few decades ago. Wives work but taxes are higher so people are no better off. The govt causes endless wars. Unemployment measured the same way as it was in the 1930s is 25%. 3 weeks ago the banks were closed in Cyprus, and a deposit tax imposed of 40-100%. Torture, rendition, Obamacare, NDAA and the TSA. We are on a 40 year experiment with fiat money – don’t you think the endless creation of money and pyramiding of debt will lead to a collapse like France in 1720?
Looks like I’m late to the party on this one, but it is still a great article and is as true today as it was when the author said it nearly 5 years ago. Yes the state is still terrible and getting worse in areas, but this hasn’t been able to stifle the ability of a lot of good people to live truly great and productive lives. There is a lot to complain about, and it is necessary to draw attention to these injustices, but there is also a lot to be thankful for. To ignore this is to project a falsehood into the world at the cost of repelling those perceptive to the truth who otherwise may have been inclined to join our circle.
This does not mean we have to be thankful to the state; I do not believe this is where the thanks is due. I think we should be thankful to each other and to to those who came before us who acted as bulwarks against the state (to the extent they did), and to those who lived peaceful and productive lives.
“Rothbard, I think, used to say the libertarian has to be a short-run pessimist and a long-run optimist. I suppose I agree: things look “bad” now from the point of view of libertarianism’s odds of success; and we can hope that the free market and freedom will ultimately somehow defeat the state, because they are more right, more productive, more powerful. I suppose. But this is strictly an activist perspective; it’s what someone focusing on libertarianism’s prospects would say. But the goal of each person is his own life. I am a personal optimist in the sense that I think I, myself, and many other people as well, can and will be able to live happy, successful, flourishing lives, despite the state. ” – Kinsella
This is exactly the way I feel as well, though I have never been able to put it quite so nice.
Good to read about the good things about our world for a welcome change.
What keeps me optimistic about the Future despite the steady stream of awful news is that the Mother of all Mega-Trends since the Paleolithic has been the steady and inexorable substitution of design, method, and know-how, aka intellectual property, for human labor and stuff gleaned or ripped out of the Natural World. This is something that both Malthus and Karl Marx failed to appreciate or to anticipate. Today intellectual property accounts for over 99% of the value of some goods. Even in a humble two dollar loaf of bread, the raw wheat, salt, and leavening account for only a few pennies of the cost. The new New World awaiting discovery is Recycling. If everything we consume could be made completely recyclable, the planet could support an almost unlimited number of people at an abundant standard of living without any additional impositions on the Natural World. The ultimate limiting factor would be the availability of usable energy from the Sun.
Dude, you want to saty on Earth? Sucker! 😀
“if you focus on improving yourself, succeeding, flourishing, instead of trying to improve others”
But aren’t you trying to improve others with this article (with this very sentence even)? Then why don’t you follow your own advise?
Just saying, how is he supposed to give that advice to others if he follows it himself in such a literal sense?
I agree that America has prospered in spite of the states’ growth. That said, it has been stagnating for going on 6 years now because of the state. This is cause for concern. If things continue as they are, we will have to conclude that the golden age ended in December 2007.
Some possible futures for the US:
The next several years:
The economy could figure out ways around the state, as it often does, and resume growth. This is my most likely guess for what is coming as businesses have lots of cash to invest. The economy could stagnate for some time then go into a deep depression as Europe collapses.
In 10 to 20 years:
Massive growth and immigration could lead the US government to be able to manage its growth in entitlements. Or–we have the depression mentioned above and the government is forced to default on its debt/obligations–probably through inflation. Then the economy finally rebounds. Another possibility is revolution as the government defaults. This could lead to chaos or it could lead to an eastern European style revival.
So let me get this straight. A golden age is represented by that period in a society when everyone enjoys what’s good to enjoy in the present? Should I then begin advocating a continuation of current capital consumption programs as a general rule-of-thumb for perpetuating golden ages?
Or is it the State’s coercive abilities being close to “coming to an end” that signals a golden age, rather than the age that follows the final gasp of operational state coercion being even more golden still? I’m confused. Is a golden age defined by the lengths one must go to when trying to avoid being affected by State coercion?
“I’m a realist.” Yeah, so were the Karamazovs, and they understood that it’s another way of saying “I’m base.”
Let me guess: Tucker offered “monomanaical” for your consideration. Ha, there’s an addition for your “pompous words that people use” post.
De “Laubenfels,” or whatever your name is–you got to chill, dude. Relax!
Truly, this is the best of all possible times in the best of all possible worlds. Ignore the drones flying overhead. Ignore the prosecutorial abuse that ended the life of Aaron Swartz and is endemic throughout the nation. Ignore the FEMA camps that are ready to receive dissidents. Ignore the fact that the government is mortgaged to the hilt and that the dollar is headed for a crash. Ignore the fact that one can’t fly without getting his genitals groped by costumed thugs. Ignore the explosion of police brutality. Ignore the fact that every e-mail and web visit is scanned by paranoid criminals. Ignore the endless assaults on the right to armed self-defense. None of those mean anything. We’ve got our bread and circuses, and Kinsella is happy.
Ignore that Social Security has a stack of worthless I.O.U.’s and that most seniors won’t ever have the money to retire. Ignore that the U.S. military is engendering unprecedented resentment and an endless supply of future terrorists in every corner of the globe, while spending the nation into ruin. Ignore that licensing and regulations are choking off would-be startup businesses. Ignore the destruction of health-care by socialists of both political parties. Ignore that banksters are getting obscenely rich by feeding off the rest of us, while the government stands idly by whenever it doesn’t actively participate. Ignore the relentless persecution of whistle-blowers by a president who promised to cherish them. Ignore the rampant abuses of seizure and forfeiture, and of eminent domain. Ignore that county and city governments insist upon micro-managing the lives of anyone who lives in their jurisdictions (ref Eustace Conway). Ignore that the real unemployment rate is at least double the official figure, and that vast numbers of people have dropped out of being productive members of society. None of that matters. Kinsella’s doing well, so this must be a Golden Age.
JDL..how dare you not put your head up a dark place? Don’t you know that putting on rosy glasses is the way to go? Let us all just pretend that everything is ducky wucky and it shall be..nothing to see here…move on….your list was impressive and all true. May I add some other points to make your point…our food is now corrupted/GMO…big pharma has half the kids on psyche drugs…first big agric makes us sick..then big pharma says, ‘well, well, we have just the thing to make you well”…be it viagra where you are told if you have a woody for a day and a half, or some other drug that has possible offshoots like losing your hair or your eyesight or paralyzing you..hey, that makes us all so lucky to be in a golden age…I won’t even start with what the crap ersatz educational system is doing to warp/brainwash kids minds…1/2 of mothers are single moms..sure to destroy the next generation of fatherless boys..as if they aren’t already in deep doo doo thanks to the feminists who are all down on white men. Just hope these village idiot women are equipped to fight the arabs/muslims who want to install their caliphate worldwide. Climbing the corporate latter will disappear from their sites.
“the underlying free market economy operating beneath the fascist barnacles”
Where is this underlying free market that you refer to? Are you referring to the Black Market?
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